Zika virus is spread to people primarily through the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito (Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus).
The most common symptoms of Zika virus disease are:
- Joint pain
- Conjunctivitis (red eyes)
Many people infected with Zika virus won’t even know they have the disease because they won’t have symptoms. The sickness is usually mild with symptoms lasting for several days to a week. People usually don’t get sick enough to go to the hospital, and they very rarely die of Zika.
There is no vaccine or medication for Zika.
The following steps can reduce the symptoms of Zika:
- Get plenty of rest.
- Drink fluids to prevent dehydration.
- Take medicine, such as acetaminophen, to reduce fever and pain.
- Do not take aspirin or other non-steroidal, anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) dengue can be ruled out to reduce the risk of bleeding.
- If you are taking medicine for another medical condition, talk with your healthcare provider before taking additional medication.
To prevent others from getting sick, strictly follow steps to prevent mosquito bites during the first week of illness. See your doctor or other healthcare provider if you develop symptoms.
The best way to prevent diseases spread by mosquitoes is to protect yourself and your family from mosquito bites.
- Wear long- sleeved shirts and long pants.
- Stay in places with air conditioning and window and door screens to keep mosquitoes outside.
- Treat your clothing and gear with permethrin or bury pre-treated items.
- Use Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) – registered insect repellents. Always follow label instructions.
To learn more, visit CDC’s Zika Virus website.